Category Archives: 4.1 Moralistic Identity

The Trap of the Event

Fernand Braudel was a leading writer in the French Annales school. He argued that historians should recognize that time and history move at different speeds or rhythms; geographical, social, and individual. The first, geographical time, is marked by slow, inexorable, almost imperceptible change. The second level, the longue duree, comprises long-term social,… Read more »

Humanitarian Paratroopers

In the early 1900s, government policy makers in America and France wanted a set of scientifically validated, incontrovertible moral laws. In America these would be used to support moral reform; in France, moral education. Enter the relatively new discipline of sociology, which billed itself as a ‘moral science’. It was asked to ‘discover’ such a set of universal… Read more »